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Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club BandFifth Dimension
Surrealistic Pillow
Description
Spiro Agnew's "Drug Culture"

In 1970, Richard Nixon's vice president, Spiro Agnew, pointed to songs like "With a Little Help From My Friends" by the Beatles, "Eight Miles High" by the Byrds and "White Rabbit" by Jefferson Airplane as examples of the "drug culture" using music to recruit new users.

Concert for Bangladesh
The quintessential benefit concert was "The Concert for Bangladesh" organized by ex-Beatle George Harrison. The goal was to raise funds to help homeless Bengali refugees of the 1971 India-Pakistan war.

Concerts for the People of Kampuchea
Nearly a decade after George Harrison's Concert for Bangladesh, fellow ex-Beatle Paul McCartney organized this three night benefit in 1979 for victims of Pol Pot's reign of terror in Cambodia.

No Nukes Concert
In 1979 Musicians United for Safe Energy (MUSE) sponsored a weeklong series of concerts in Madison Square Garden to protest construction of nuclear power plants in the wake of the Three Mile Island disaster.

Disco Demolition
On July 12, 1979 at Chicago's Comiskey Park, a local radio station sponsored "Disco Demolition Night" where fans brought disco records to be burned. The resulting melee signaled the commercial end of disco but did not stop its impact on subsequent artists.

Hempilation and Marijuana Reform
The '80s "just say no" fervor fell out of favor in the '90s at least towards marijuana. The Hempilation series ('95 and '98) benefits NORML, a non-profit organization advocating repeal of U.S. marijuana prohibition for responsible recreational and medicinal use.

The Kent State Massacre
On May 4, 1970, a Kent State student demonstration against the Vietnam War ended tragically when National Gaurdmen shot and killed four students. The Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young song "Ohio" was released days later condemning the event.

Spiro Agnew's "Drug Culture"
In 1970, Richard Nixon's vice president, Spiro Agnew, pointed to songs like "With a Little Help From My Friends" by the Beatles, "Eight Miles High" by the Byrds and "White Rabbit" by Jefferson Airplane as examples of the "drug culture" using music to recruit new users.

Timothy Leary
The Moody Blues' 1968 song "Timothy Leary's Dead" refers to none other than the controversial '60s LSD advocate Timothy Leary. His phrase "Turn On, Tune In, Drop Out" became a catch phrase for the times. Leary died in 1996 at the age of 75 of natural causes.

Take This Job and Shove It
John Paycheck, the country singer who made the working person's anthem "Take This Job and Shove It" famous in 1977, died--in a twist of irony--broke, in 2003. The song resonated with mid to late '70s frustrated blue collar workers and inspired one-man wildcat strikes as well as the 1981 movie with the same title. Country superstar, George Jones, donated a burial plot next to his own for Paycheck.

1970s Scottish Acts
Scottish rock music has its roots in the skiffle revival music of Glasgow-born Lonnie Donegan in the '50s. Skiffle is a mixture of jazz and country blues played with simple instrumentation. Successive waves of music styles followed: rock & roll in the late '50s and psychedelic in the '60s. In the '70s, some of the notable Scottish acts and their style of music included the Average White Band (soul/funk), Nazareth (hard rock), Al Stewart (singer/songwriter) and the Bay City Rollers (power pop).

Popular 1970s Instrumental Pop Hits
After the introduction of instrumental pop/rock hits in the 1960s, the number of rock-oriented instrumental hits declined in the 1970s but instrumental pop hits still continued to make the charts. Examples of 1970s instrumental pop hits include Hot Butter's Moog-driven 1972 novelty tune "Popcorn," Mike Oldfield's eerie 1973 "Tubular Bells" (used as the theme for the movie "The Exorcist"), Chuck Mangione's flugelhorn-driven 1977 "Feels So Good" and Herb Alpert's disco-infused, trumpet-driven 1979 hit, "Rise."

What's the Link? Dawn and Shaft
Q: What’s the link between Tony Orlando and Dawn and Shaft? A: Telma Hopkins, one of the Dawn back-up duo, delivered the famous line "shut your mouth" in Isaac Hayes' "Shaft" theme song. The rebuff was was uttered in response to the Hayes' line "... see this cat Shaft is a bad mother ..." Telma along with Joyce Vincent were session singers before they became Dawn, the backup singers for Tony Orlando.

1970 Dutch Music Invasion, The
A mini musical "Dutch Invasion" occurred in 1970 as several Dutch pop artists reached the U.S. charts. The artists and their hits include Shocking Blue with "Venus" (later covered by Bananarama), George Baker Selection with "Little Green Bag" (later used in the movie "Reservoir Dogs") and the Tee Set with "Ma Belle Amie." George Baker returned again in 1975 with the bouncy tune "Una Paloma Blanca."

Dutch Artists
The origin of Dutch pop music can be traced to the early 1960s with imitations of music from Britain and the States that was typically performed by Indonesian groups. Not until 1970 did artists like Shocking Blue and George Baker Selection notch worldwide hits with "Venus" and "Little Green Bag," respectively. Golden Earring achieved even greater success with the now classic rock staples: 1974's "Radar Love" and 1982's "Twilight Zone." Formed in the early 1990s, the group Daryll-Ann exemplifies modern Dutch indie pop.

1973 Oil Embargo
Arab countries angered by U.S. support of Israel in the 1973 October War, banned oil shipments to the U.S. for over five months starting on October 17, 1973. One of the legacies of the embargo was enactment of energy saving laws including lowering of the national speed limit to 55 mph. Sammy Hagar, on his 1984 "VOA" album doesn't care much for the limit on his popular single "I Can't Drive 55."

Sunday, Bloody Sunday
There have been several incidents throughout history that are referred to as Bloody Sunday. The most recent was on January 30, 1972, when soldiers from the British Army opened fire on unarmed demonstrators in Derry, Ireland. Thirteen were killed. John Lennon's "Sunday Bloody Sunday" from his 1972 "Sometime in New York City" album deals specifically with the 1972 event. U2's "Sunday Bloody Sunday" from their 1983 "War" doesn’t mention any event specifically but the song's lyrics reference the centuries old conflict between the Irish and British.

The 1977 Presidential Inauguration
The trend in modern presidential inaugurations was that each subsequent inauguration festivities were grander than the preceding president. Democrat Jimmy Carter, the 39th president of the United States, made an effort to reverse that trend by keeping his inauguration festivities simple. However, there still were performances by top musicians. On the eve of the inauguration Aretha Franklin, Loretta Lynn and Linda Ronstadt performed on stage in the televised event on the Jan 18, 1977.

President Carter and the Southern Rockers
President Jimmy Carter was the 39th president of the United States. Carter hailed from Plains, Georgia and during his campaign much was made of his democratic, southern roots. Emphasizing the link musically, southern rockers the Allman Brothers Band, the Marshall Tucker Band, and the Charlie Daniels Band all attended Jimmy Carter's 1977 presidential inauguration party at the White House on Jan 19, 1977.

Psychedelic Mandalas
The psychedelic era refers primarily to the last half of the 1960s. The era takes its name from the psychedelic drugs that came into common use during this time including LSD, magic mushroom and mescaline. Psychedelic music is characterized by a break with the rigidity of the rock & roll structure of the late 1950s and early 1960s. Psychedelic music is more fluid, employing freer, longer song forms that often use abstract lyrics based on visions or dreams. The accompanying album cover art often aspired to capture and extend visually what the music did sonically and what the psychedelic drugs did psychically to all senses. A common theme in the album cover design of psychedelic albums is the mandala. Mandalas are of Hindu origin but are also used in Buddhism to refer to any object (usually circular in form) that represents the cosmos metaphysically or symbolically. Mandalas crept into album art design as part of the psychedelic era's fascination with alternate beliefs and, in particular, Eastern belief systems. Examples of mandalas on album covers include the Insect Trust's self-titled debut (1968), the Grateful Dead's 1968 "Anthem of the Sun," the Fraternity of Man's 1968 self-titl

Timothy Leary Albums
The psychedelic era refers primarily to the last half of the 1960s. The era takes its name from the psychedelic drugs that came into common use during this time including LSD (acid), psilocybin (magic mushrooms), mescaline (peyote) and LSA (morning glory sees). One of the greatest proponents for research and use of mind altering drugs was the writer and psychologist Timothy Leary (1920-1996). Leary's famous phrase "turn on, tune in, drop out" became a catch phrase of the psychedelic movement. Leary's most famous album is the 1967 soundtrack to the never-released movie "Turn On Tune In Drop Out."
Associated Albums
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band Fifth Dimension Surrealistic Pillow
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